Information About Balanites aegyptiaca
Plant Common Name: Desert date,Mjunju (in Swahili),Mohoromo (in Chagga),Ol-ng\’oswa (Maasai)
Scientific Name: Balanites aegyptiaca
Origin of Name: Africa and Middle east
Habitat: The species is found from all over Africa from arid and semi-arid regions to humid savannah,it also prefers valley soils and will grow in sand,clay,black cotton,alluvial,and stoney soils.
Habit:The wood is heavy,durable and termite resistant and used for furniture
Traditional Uses: Treatment of stomach pain,the emulsion of the fruits is lethal to fresh water snails that carry the bilharzia micro-organism,and to water-fleas that carry guninea (worm disease),roots is used for the treatment of malaria and as purgative,heated gum from the woods is mixed with maize meal porridge and eaten as a remedy for chest complaints.The fruits are used to treat coughs. Other uses;Include fire wood,polls,shed,wind break and fencing,fruits and leaves are browsed by goats,camels and game especially giraffe,elephants and primates.
Cultivation: Direct from seeds.
Reference: Charles Mwachali